Electrification of the transport sector

The search for efficient alternatives to replace fossil fuels has become one of the most important challenges facing the transport and logistics sector. Experts and institutions argue that the traditional industrial model is unsustainable at an environmental level and one of the most reliable solutions is to opt for electrification.

In fact, when faced with the scepticism of depending on the fluctuation of renewable energy sources such as wind or solar energy, electricity means, in addition to sending energy directly from the source to the machine, the possibility of using batteries connected to an intelligent network where this energy is temporarily stored. Research is currently underway to increase the capacity and efficiency of this type of battery. Many companies, such as Stock Logistic, are already beginning to be interested in this new conjuncture that can throw the massive use of this form of energy.

European projects

Two electrification projects in the field of transport are currently being worked on in Europe:

  1. European Green Vehicle Initiative, which finances various projects in the member states, in order to improve the energy efficiency of vehicles using alternative propulsion systems.
  2. The Clean Sky program works to achieve, in terms of innovative development and technology, reduce pollutant emissions produced by aircraft. The initiative, launched in 2008, aims to achieve an ultra ecological and economical air transport system.

The road

Road transport is currently the most studied mode of electrification. In fact, nine out of ten cars sold worldwide will be electric by 2035. However,  there is a wide range of models, ranging from the lightest vans to the heaviest trucks, and this variety means that one solution cannot be applied to all cases. As a result, some segments move faster than others. However, given their high energy demand, heavy vehicles need much of what batteries can provide today.

2.500 electrified ships

According to some estimates, 5% of the world’s maritime fleet is powered by electricity, so today some 2,500 ships are electrified. This modest number is due to the fact that the technology needed to propel large ships with electricity alone has not yet been developed. Fundamentally for two reasons: due to the high demand for energy they require and the difficulty of refuelling at sea. But in addition to their environmental benefits, electrically-powered ships are an attractive option as they reduce on-board noise and allow for greater design flexibility.

Rail sector

Rail transport is the most electrified mode today, especially within cities. According to EU data, in Europe 60% of the main roads are electrified, through which 80% of total traffic passes. It is expected that in the near future this mode of transport will save even more energy through the use of lighter materials in the construction of wagons.

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